Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan location, also recognized as the Valley of the Sun

Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with one,660,272 men and women (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of far more than a single million residents.

Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area, also recognized as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is component of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan area is the 11th greatest by population in the United States, with about four.73 million men and women as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the greatest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (one,341 km2), far more than twice the dimension of Tucson and a single of the greatest cities in the United States.

Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural local community near the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was incorporated as a city in 1881. It grew to become the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot desert climate. Despite this, its canal method led to a thriving farming local community with the authentic settler’s crops remaining important components of the Phoenix economic system for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper had been recognized locally as the “Five C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economic system. These remained the driving forces of the city till after Planet War II, when substantial-tech firms started to move into the valley and air conditioning made Phoenix’s hot summers far more bearable.

The city averaged a 4 % annual population development fee more than a 40year time period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This development fee slowed during the Great Recession of 2007–09, and has rebounded gradually. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.

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